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Civil Engineering is among the most established and widely demanded of engineering options, being offered in nearly each of the top engineering colleges in India. It is among the most sought after of courses among students who gain admission into the Top 100 engineering colleges in India.
Civil Engineering is essentially an engineering discipline dedicated to the development of infrastructure. More precisely, it is dedicated at resolving various issues that surface during the development of major infrastructure projects. Civil engineers are usually employed in the development of large-scale constructions such as bridges, roadways, power plants, disposal systems and irrigation systems. Civil engineers are required to ensure that the manual, mechanical, manpower and automated resources involved in the project are best utilized from a structural and financial perspective.
Many top institutes of science and engineering in India offer specialization options in this niche. Most of the specializations can be pursued at the post-graduate level. Specialization options include:
• Structural engineering
• Geology analysis
• Water or Waste management
• Water resource engineering
• Environmental assessment
• Building attenuation
• Building stress analysis
• Management of Bio-solids
Civil engineers are engaged in different roles depending upon the kind of profiles they are employed in. For instance, Structural Engineers are involved in designing of steel or concrete structures while waste-treatment engineers are required to design waste management/disposal systems that are critical in industrial settings.
Transportation Engineers are required for planning the layout of highways, urban/sub-urban road networks, railways and traffic control systems whereas Geo-technical Engineers are involved in the exploration of subterranean rock/soil for determining ability of the underlying soil/surface to support load of the overlying building, i.e. assessing security aspect of a construction. Quite differently, civil engineers taking care of Water Management are concerned with the sewage or drainage systems, including retention systems or waterways around or underneath the building and efficiency of the flood prevention systems. For this, they need to have an understanding of hydraulic/hydrologic properties.